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Using mikroBUS#


  1. Identify if mikroBUS add-on includes a ClickID with manifest. If not, manifest must be supplied.

  2. Identify if mikroBUS add-on is supported by the kernel. If not, kernel module must be added.

  3. Identify how driver exposes the data: IIO, net, etc.

  4. Connect and power

  5. Verify and utilize

Using boards with ClickID#

What is mikroBUS?#

mikroBUS is an open standard for add-on boards for sensors, connectivity, displays, storage and more with over 1,400 available from just a single source, MikroE. With the flexibility of all of the most common embedded serial busses, UART, I2C and SPI, along with ADC, PWM and GPIO functions, it is a great solution for connecting all sorts of electronics.


Learn more at https://www.mikroe.com/mikrobus

What is ClickID?#

ClickID enables mikroBUS add-on boards to be identified along with the configuration required to use it with the mikroBUS Linux driver. The configuration portion is called a manifest.


Learn more at MikroElektronika/click_id

BeaglePlay’s Linux kernel is patched with a mikrobus driver that automatically reads the ClickID and loads a driver, greatly simplifying usage.

Does my add-on have ClickID?#

Look for the “ID” logo on the board. It’s near PWM pin on upper right hand side in the illustration shown below.

mikroBUS clickID - BeaglePlay connection

Fig. 59 mikroBUS clickID - BeaglePlay connection#

If your add-on has ClickID, simply connect it while BeaglePlay is powered off and then apply power.

Example of examining boot log to see a ClickID was detected.

debian@BeaglePlay:~$ dmesg | grep mikrobus
[    2.096254] mikrobus:mikrobus_port_register: registering port mikrobus-0
[    2.096325] mikrobus mikrobus-0: mikrobus port 0 eeprom empty probing default eeprom
[    2.663698] mikrobus_manifest:mikrobus_manifest_attach_device: parsed device 1, driver=opt3001, protocol=3, reg=44
[    2.663711] mikrobus_manifest:mikrobus_manifest_parse:  Ambient 2 Click manifest parsed with 1 devices
[    2.663783] mikrobus mikrobus-0: registering device : opt3001

To use the add-on, see Using boards with Linux drivers.


Not all Click boards with ClickID have valid manifest entries.

What if my add-on doesn’t have ClickID?#

It is still possible a manifest has been created for your add-on as we have created over 100 of them. You can install the existing manifest files onto your BeaglePlay. First, make sure you have the latest manifests installed in your system.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install bbb.io-clickid-manifests

Take a look at the list of manifest files to see if the Click or other mikrobus add-on board manifest is installed.

debian@BeaglePlay:~$ ls /lib/firmware/mikrobus/
10DOF-CLICK.mnfb          COMPASS-2-CLICK.mnfb       I2C-2-SPI-CLICK.mnfb        PWM-CLICK.mnfb
13DOF-2-CLICK.mnfb        COMPASS-CLICK.mnfb         I2C-MUX-CLICK.mnfb          RFID-CLICK.mnfb
3D-HALL-3-CLICK.mnfb      CURRENT-CLICK.mnfb         ILLUMINANCE-CLICK.mnfb      RF-METER-CLICK.mnfb
3D-HALL-6-CLICK.mnfb      DAC-7-CLICK.mnfb           IR-GESTURE-CLICK.mnfb       RMS-TO-DC-CLICK.mnfb
6DOF-IMU-2-CLICK.mnfb     DAC-CLICK.mnfb             IR-THERMO-2-CLICK.mnfb      RTC-6-CLICK.mnfb
6DOF-IMU-4-CLICK.mnfb     DIGIPOT-3-CLICK.mnfb       LED-DRIVER-7-CLICK.mnfb     SHT1x-CLICK.mnfb
6DOF-IMU-6-CLICK.mnfb     DIGIPOT-CLICK.mnfb         LIGHTRANGER-2-CLICK.mnfb    SHT-CLICK.mnfb
6DOF-IMU-8-CLICK.mnfb     EEPROM-2-CLICK.mnfb        LIGHTRANGER-3-CLICK.mnfb    SMOKE-CLICK.mnfb
9DOF-CLICK.mnfb           EEPROM-3-CLICK.mnfb        LIGHTRANGER-CLICK.mnfb      TEMP-HUM-11-CLICK.mnfb
ACCEL-3-CLICK.mnfb        EEPROM-CLICK.mnfb          LPS22HB-CLICK.mnfb          TEMP-HUM-12-CLICK.mnfb
ACCEL-5-CLICK.mnfb        ENVIRONMENT-CLICK.mnfb     LSM303AGR-CLICK.mnfb        TEMP-HUM-3-CLICK.mnfb
ACCEL-6-CLICK.mnfb        ETH-CLICK.mnfb             LSM6DSL-CLICK.mnfb          TEMP-HUM-4-CLICK.mnfb
ACCEL-CLICK.mnfb          FLASH-2-CLICK.mnfb         MAGNETIC-ROTARY-CLICK.mnfb  TEMP-HUM-9-CLICK.mnfb
ADC-2-CLICK.mnfb          FLASH-CLICK.mnfb           MICROSD-CLICK.mnfb          TEMP-HUM-CLICK.mnfb
ADC-3-CLICK.mnfb          GENERIC-SPI-CLICK.mnfb     MPU-9DOF-CLICK.mnfb         TEMP-LOG-3-CLICK.mnfb
ADC-5-CLICK.mnfb          GEOMAGNETIC-CLICK.mnfb     MPU-IMU-CLICK.mnfb          TEMP-LOG-4-CLICK.mnfb
ADC-8-CLICK.mnfb          GNSS-4-CLICK.mnfb          NO2-2-CLICK.mnfb            TEMP-LOG-6-CLICK.mnfb
ADC-CLICK.mnfb            GNSS-7-CLICK.mnfb          NO2-CLICK.mnfb              THERMO-12-CLICK.mnfb
AIR-QUALITY-2-CLICK.mnfb  GNSS-ZOE-CLICK.mnfb        OLEDB-CLICK.mnfb            THERMO-15-CLICK.mnfb
AIR-QUALITY-3-CLICK.mnfb  GSR-CLICK.mnfb             OLEDC-CLICK.mnfb            THERMO-17-CLICK.mnfb
AIR-QUALITY-5-CLICK.mnfb  GYRO-2-CLICK.mnfb          OLEDW-CLICK.mnfb            THERMO-3-CLICK.mnfb
ALCOHOL-2-CLICK.mnfb      GYRO-CLICK.mnfb            OZONE-2-CLICK.mnfb          THERMO-4-CLICK.mnfb
AMBIENT-2-CLICK.mnfb      HDC1000-CLICK.mnfb         PRESSURE-CLICK.mnfb         THERMOSTAT-3-CLICK.mnfb
AMBIENT-4-CLICK.mnfb      HEART-RATE-3-CLICK.mnfb    PROXIMITY-10-CLICK.mnfb     UV-3-CLICK.mnfb

Then, load the appropriate manifest using the mikrobus bus driver. For example, with the Ambient 2 Click, you can write that manifest to the mikrobus-0 new_device entry.

cat /lib/firmware/mikrobus/AMBIENT-2-CLICK.mnfb > /sys/bus/mikrobus/devices/mikrobus-0/new_device


We will be adding a link to the mikrobus-0 device at /dev/play/mikrobus in the near future, but you can find it for now at /sys/bus/mikrobus/devices/mikrobus-0. If you need to supply an ID (manifest), this is the directory where you will do it.

Manifesto: https://git.beagleboard.org/beagleconnect/manifesto

Patched Linux with out-of-tree Mikrobus driver: https://git.beagleboard.org/beagleboard/linux


It’ll forget on reboot… need to have a boot service.

To use the add-on, see Using boards with Linux drivers.

Using boards with Linux drivers#

Depending on the type of mikrobus add-on board, the Linux driver could be of various different types. For sensors, the most common is IIO driver.

IIO driver#

Per https://docs.kernel.org/driver-api/iio/intro.html,

The main purpose of the Industrial I/O subsystem (IIO) is to provide support for devices that in some sense perform either analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) or digital-to-analog conversion (DAC) or both. The aim is to fill the gap between the somewhat similar hwmon and input subsystems. Hwmon is directed at low sample rate sensors used to monitor and control the system itself, like fan speed control or temperature measurement. Input is, as its name suggests, focused on human interaction input devices (keyboard, mouse, touchscreen). In some cases there is considerable overlap between these and IIO.

Devices that fall into this category include:

  • analog to digital converters (ADCs)

  • accelerometers

  • capacitance to digital converters (CDCs)

  • digital to analog converters (DACs)

  • gyroscopes

  • inertial measurement units (IMUs)

  • color and light sensors

  • magnetometers

  • pressure sensors

  • proximity sensors

  • temperature sensors

See also https://wiki.analog.com/software/linux/docs/iio/iio.

To discover IIO driver enabled devices, use the iio_info command.

debian@BeaglePlay:~$ iio_info
Library version: 0.24 (git tag: v0.24)
Compiled with backends: local xml ip usb
IIO context created with local backend.
Backend version: 0.24 (git tag: v0.24)
Backend description string: Linux BeaglePlay 5.10.168-ti-arm64-r104 #1bullseye SMP Thu Jun 8 23:07:22 UTC 2023 aarch64
IIO context has 2 attributes:
        local,kernel: 5.10.168-ti-arm64-r104
        uri: local:
IIO context has 2 devices:
        iio:device0: opt3001
                1 channels found:
                    illuminance:  (input)
                        2 channel-specific attributes found:
                                attr  0: input value: 163.680000
                                attr  1: integration_time value: 0.800000
                2 device-specific attributes found:
                                attr  0: current_timestamp_clock value: realtime
                                attr  1: integration_time_available value: 0.1 0.8
                No trigger on this device
        iio:device1: adc102s051
                2 channels found:
                        voltage1:  (input)
                        2 channel-specific attributes found:
                                attr  0: raw value: 4084
                                attr  1: scale value: 0.805664062
                        voltage0:  (input)
                        2 channel-specific attributes found:
                                attr  0: raw value: 2440
                                attr  1: scale value: 0.805664062
                No trigger on this device

Note that the units are standardized for the IIO interface based on the device type. If raw values are provided, a scale must be applied to get to the standardized units.

Storage driver#

Network driver#

How does ClickID work?#

Disabling the mikroBUS driver#

If you’d like to use other means to control the mikroBUS connector, you might want to disable the mikroBUS driver. This is most easily done by enabling a deivce tree overlay at boot.


To utilize the overlay with these instructions, make sure to have TBD version of kernel, modules and firmware installed. Use uname -a to determine the currently running kernel version. See TBD for information on how to update.

Apply overlay to disable mikrobus0 instance.

echo "    fdtoverlays /overlays/k3-am625-beagleplay-release-mikrobus.dtbo" | sudo tee -a /boot/firmware/extlinux/extlinux.conf
sudo shutdown -r now

Log back in after reboot and verify the device driver did not capture the busses.

debian@BeaglePlay:~$ ls /dev/play
grove  mikrobus  qwiic
debian@BeaglePlay:~$ ls /dev/play/mikrobus/
debian@BeaglePlay:~$ ls /sys/bus/mikrobus/devices/
debian@BeaglePlay:~$ ls /proc/device-tree/chosen/overlays/
k3-am625-beagleplay-release-mikrobus  name

To re-enable.

sudo sed -e '/release-mikrobus/ s/^#*/#/' -i /boot/firmware/extlinux/extlinux.conf
sudo shutdown -r now

Verify driver is enabled again.

debian@BeaglePlay:~$ ls /sys/bus/mikrobus/devices/
debian@BeaglePlay:~$ ls /proc/device-tree/chosen/overlays/
ls: cannot access '/proc/device-tree/chosen/overlays/': No such file or directory